How Can the Consumption of Antibiotics Affect Fertility?

When you’re planning to get pregnant, it’s quite likely that you are working on your diet and ensure sure the odds of getting pregnant are very good. This likewise implies that you are making your best efforts to stay away from possible deterrents which might impede your possibility of becoming pregnant.

Antibiotics help our bodies to recover from sickness and they are accountable for changing one’s body as well. As a result, antibiotics are considered to be one of the deterrents out there. 

It has been suggested by physicians that females who want to become pregnant must refrain from using certain antibiotics as well as cold medications. Nevertheless, there isn’t any scientific proof that tells that the fertility of a woman can be affected by consuming antibiotics. As a matter of fact, becoming sick while ovulating might have no impact either, although it might lower your sex drive in the long run.

Is it possible for Antibiotics to impact fertility?

By the term “antibiotics”, we refer to several types of antimicrobial medications which help to combat infections caused by bacteria. In contemporary medication, they happen to be the most typically recommended medicines. 

Here, we have thrown light on how antibiotics can affect fertility in the case of men as well as women.

How antibiotics affect female fertility?

While you are making an effort to become pregnant each month seems like a year. Apart from being a patient waiting game, the journey also needs plenty of preparation and self-care. 

It is essential for you to consume food items which are healthy and you should likewise perform activities which are going to improve your possibilities of conception. You also want to stay away from things that might get in the way. 

It might be the fact that you are struggling with an illness in recent times and the physician has prescribed antibiotics to you. In that case, you might ponder whether the consumption of antibiotics will affect your fertility adversely. 

So, whether it will be feasible for you to become pregnant while you are on antibiotics, or should you wait until the course is finished?

antibiotics affect female fertility

As per most of the experts out there, one should refrain from using certain antibiotics as well as cold medicines during this time even though they might not have any impact on your possibilities of becoming pregnant. Moreover, becoming ill at the time of ovulation should not impact your possibilities of conception either, and the same can be said of bacterial or viral infections. 

However, sickness might reduce your desire to have sex as well as other things needed to become pregnant.

Nevertheless, it might be added here that the chances of ovulating can be affected by some specific persistent sicknesses. As a result, this might lessen the possibility of getting fertile for that particular cycle. 

The functioning of the pituitary gland can be affected by persistent illnesses such as kidney ailments, thyroid disorders, as well as a liver ailment, and this can have an impact on the ovulation process as well as fertility.

It is a fact that antibiotics can interact with certain medications including those regulating the menstrual cycle, and therefore, some individuals might presume that antibiotics can interfere with the possibilities of conception. 

It has been found by some studies that some particular antibiotics might interfere with the efficacy of birth control pills that regulate hormones although there is no research or information to depict that antibiotics will be able to interfere with the menstrual, conception, or the ovulation process. 

Nevertheless, some experts have also mentioned that antibiotics such as tetracycline, erythromycin, and Penicillin might negatively affect sperm count and male fertility. 

Bear in mind a few things in case you would like to conceive while you are consuming antibiotics. One should avoid cold medications and antibiotics at the time of pregnancy since they might pose a threat. 

As per the Mayo Clinic, while antibiotics such as cephalosporins, penicillins, clindamycin, and erythromycin are considered to be risk-free to use at the time of pregnancy, some particular antibiotics such as tetracyclines might lead to developmental defects in the infant particularly after his2 weeks of becoming pregnant.

how antibiotics affect male fertility

Antibiotics consumed during pregnancy might prove to be a threat to the pregnant mother. As per a report from CNN, several antibiotics such as quinolones, tetracyclines, sulphonamides, metronidazole, and macrolides, might enhance the possibilities of a miscarriage in case they are used at the time of pregnancy. 

The research likewise came to the conclusion that antibiotics that are considered to be safe for usage at the time of pregnancy such as cephalosporins and penicillin, did not lead to the possibility of pregnancy loss. 

How antibiotics affect male fertility?

It is a fact that the majority of the studies conducted for examining the effects of antibiotics on fertility emphasized mainly on male fertility. It has been shown by some studies that certain antibiotics such as erythromycin, tetracycline, and penicillin can impact fertility and sperm count adversely. Certain medications led to decreased quality of semen. 

What are the possibilities of conceiving while using antibiotics?

It is a fact that using antibiotics while trying to become pregnant is not going to influence your possibilities whatsoever. On some occasions, females taking antibiotics have informed that they are experiencing deviations in the pattern of their ovulation, particularly when it comes to the generation of cervical mucus. 

Nevertheless, we do not have any conclusive info for supporting this notion. Indeed, as compared to antibiotics, the infection in the woman’s body might be a more important reason for her infertility. 

On the other hand, taking antibiotics might aid you in becoming pregnant by effectively treating the infection, which might be a potential limitation on the process of conception. The health of the reproductive system can be improved by antibiotic treatment in the long run.

Why one should not use antibiotics during pregnancy

The use of certain cold drugs and antibiotics may prove to be dangerous in case a woman does conceive and is ignorant of it. Although antibiotics such as cephalosporins and clindamycin are usually considered to be risk-free while you are pregnant, other antibiotics might impact your pregnancy in a negative manner. 

Using strong antibiotics at the time of pregnancy might result in the cessation of pregnancy or might lead to developmental defects in the developing fetus. As a result, in case you happen to be infected, it will be a sensible decision to be sanguine regarding your pregnancy. 

safe unsafe antibiotics during pregnancy

Medications falling under the A or B category are usually considered to be safe for usage at the time of pregnancy. 

Antibiotics that do not cause any harm to the fetus to fall under category A. In fact, the only antibiotic which is listed under Category A happens to be Mycostatin. 

On the other hand, category B happens to be the most common category at present which consists of antibiotics that do not lead to pregnancy complications or birth defects. 

The antibiotics which fall under this category include Ampicillin, Penicillin, Azithromycin, Amoxicillin, Cloxacillin, Ceftriaxone, Flucloxacillin, Cefradine, Cefuroxime, Metronidazoles, Cefixime, Cefotaxime, Cephalexin, Erythromycin, Cefpodoxime, Clotrimazole, and Naproxen.


It is a fact that various antibiotics consist of different components that can impact females in a different manner. As a result, it will be a prudent idea to stay away from self-medication and take the advice of a physician prior to taking antibiotics. 

Moreover, in case you are struggling with any sickness make it a point to inform your doctor that you are trying to become pregnant such that they will be able to prescribe antibiotics as required. 

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